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欢迎来到人工智能手机时代

BRIAN X. CHEN

2024年6月11日

Sisi Yu

Every year, Apple and Google announce major software updates that bring new features to our smartphones, like cosmetic overhauls to the home screen, stronger privacy protections and fun messaging tools. This year, the changes will feel more radical because the companies are focusing on reinventing our phones with artificial intelligence.

每年,苹果和谷歌都会宣布重大软件更新,为智能手机带来新功能,比如主屏幕的外观调整、更强的隐私保护和有趣的即时通讯工具。今年,这些变化会让人感觉更加激进,因为这些公司正致力于用人工智能重塑手机。

At its annual software developer conference on Monday, Apple showed a host of enhancements coming this fall to iOS 18, its operating system powering iPhones. The new tools include a revamped version of its voice assistant, Siri, that is easier to talk to and an A.I. system that will generate images, create summaries of web articles and craft responses to text messages and emails.

在周一举行的年度软件开发者大会上,苹果展示了将于今年秋季推出的iOS 18操作系统的一系列增强功能。新工具包括改进后的语音助手Siri,它更易于交流,还有一个人工智能系统,可以生成图像、创建网络文章摘要,并为短信和电子邮件撰写回复。

Apple’s news followed Google’s Android announcements last month, which included an A.I. system that automatically summarizes audio transcripts, detects whether a phone conversation is likely a scam and helps students with homework.

在此之前,谷歌于上月发布的安卓系统中包括一个人工智能系统,可以自动总结音频记录,检测电话交谈是否可能是诈骗,帮助学生完成家庭作业。

Because A.I. tech is still new, it’s unclear whether these improvements will resonate with the masses. The change that will have a more immediate effect has to do with old-school text messages — also known as the green bubble. Apple said its new software would adopt a messaging standard that would let iPhone users send higher-quality messages to Androids, addressing an issue that has made it more difficult for people to communicate for more than a decade.

由于人工智能技术尚属新生事物,目前还不清楚这些改进是否会引起大众共鸣。更直接的变化与被称为“绿色泡泡”的老式短信有关。苹果公司表示,新的软件将采用一种消息发送标准,让iPhone用户可以向安卓用户发送更高质量的消息,从而解决一个十多年来让人们的交流更加困难的问题。

Apple and Google are set to release their free software updates for iOS and Android this fall. Here’s what to know about how our smartphones will change.

苹果和谷歌将于今年秋天发布针对iOS和安卓的免费软件更新。以下是我们应该了解的智能手机将发生的变化。

Siri Is Getting an A.I. Brain Transplant

Siri将接受人工智能大脑移植

Apple said it had completely reworked Siri, its 13-year-old virtual assistant.

苹果公司表示,它彻底改造了拥有13年历史的虚拟助手Siri。

The assistant will soon be powered by Apple Intelligence, the company’s version of a “large language model.” That type of A.I. technology uses statistics and complex algorithms to guess what words belong together, similar to the autocomplete feature on your phone. It’s the same type of underlying technology we’ve seen powering chatbots like OpenAI’s ChatGPT and Google’s Gemini. Apple said its system was more private than others’ because people’s data would remain on their iPhones.

这款助手很快将由苹果智能提供支持,这是该公司自己的“大型语言模型”。这种人工智能技术使用统计数据和复杂的算法来猜测哪些单词属于同一类,类似于手机上的自动补全功能。这与OpenAI的ChatGPT谷歌的Gemini等聊天机器人使用的底层技术是同一类的。苹果公司表示,它的系统比其他公司的系统更加隐私,因为用户的数据将保留在他们的iPhone手机上。

The upgrade will make Siri capable of processing the context of a conversation, and allow users to speak more naturally with the virtual assistant. For instance, you could say, “What’s the weather in Santa Cruz? Oh, wait, I meant San Francisco,” followed by “Schedule a coffee meeting there tomorrow at 9 a.m.”

这次升级将使Siri能够处理对话的上下文,让用户能够更自然地与虚拟助手交谈。例如,你可以说:“圣克鲁斯的天气怎么样?哦,等等,我是说旧金山,”接着说,“帮我约一个明天上午9点在那里的咖啡会议。”

The new and more capable Siri will also be able to handle more complex tasks, such as searching your photo album for an image of your driver’s license and pulling the ID number to paste into a form, Apple said.

苹果公司表示,功能更强大的新Siri还可以处理更复杂的任务,比如在相册中搜索驾驶执照的照片,并提取身份编码粘贴到表格中。

In contrast, the old version of Siri could react only to a database of commands and questions it was programmed to understand, such as “What’s the weather in San Francisco?” and “Schedule a coffee meeting in San Francisco.”

相比之下,旧版本的Siri只能对数据库中的命令和程序训练它理解的问题做出反应,比如“旧金山的天气怎么样”和“在旧金山约咖啡会议”。

Apple Intelligence will also enable iPhone users to automatically generate images inside messages, Apple said. For instance, if you wish a friend a happy birthday, the A.I. could review your photo album for an image of that friend, after which it could generate an avatar of that person with balloons.

苹果公司表示,iPhone用户还能通过苹果智能在消息中自动生成图像。例如,如果你祝朋友生日快乐,人工智能可以在你的相册中找到那个朋友的照片,然后它可以生成带有气球的朋友虚拟形象。

The A.I. will also be usable in writing apps like Mail and Notes. Users can highlight text for proofreading or rewriting in a different style. Inside the Safari web browser, users can also highlight articles to generate short summaries.

这种人工智能还可以用于在邮件和备忘录等应用程序中写作。用户可以高亮显示文本,以便进行校对,或以不同的风格重写。在Safari网页浏览器中,用户还可以高亮显示文章,生成简短的摘要。

Apple said it had formed a partnership with OpenAI so that Siri could tap into ChatGPT for help with tasks like generating a list of recipe ideas.

苹果表示,它与OpenAI建立了合作关系,这样Siri就可以利用ChatGPT来完成生成食谱创意列表等任务。

(The New York Times sued OpenAI and its partner Microsoft for copyright infringement of news content related to A.I. systems.)

(《纽约时报》起诉OpenAI及其合作伙伴微软侵犯了与人工智能系统相关的新闻内容的版权。)

The A.I. features are arriving only on the newest, fastest iPhones, including the iPhone 15 Pro, this fall.

这些人工智能功能只会出现在今年秋天发布的最新、最快的iPhone型号上,但包括之前推出的iPhone 15 Pro。

Google Is Overhauling Android With ‘Gemini’

谷歌将用Gemini彻底改造安卓系统

Only owners of Google’s Pixel phones can use most of Google’s latest A.I. features; support for other Android devices is expected later this year.

只有谷歌Pixel手机的用户才能使用谷歌大多数最新的人工智能功能;预计今年晚些时候将支持其他Android设备。

For the past year, Google has let users test Gemini, its new A.I. assistant, which requires downloading an app. (By default, Android phones will still come loaded with Google Assistant, the virtual assistant that is similar to Amazon’s Alexa and the older version of Siri.) Similar to OpenAI’s ChatGPT, Gemini acts like a chatbot that generates responses to whatever prompt you throw at it, including “Write a poem about dogs in San Francisco.”

在过去的一年里,谷歌让用户测试新的人工智能助手Gemini,测试需要下载一个应用程序(默认情况下,安卓手机仍将加载谷歌助手,这是一款虚拟助手,类似于亚马逊的Alexa和旧版本的Siri)。与OpenAI的ChatGPT类似,Gemini就像一个聊天机器人,它会对提出的任何提示做出回应,比如“写一首关于旧金山的狗的诗”。

A new version of Gemini, called Nano, focuses on handling A.I. tasks directly on Pixel phones rather than processing the requests on Google’s servers, for privacy purposes.

出于隐私考虑,Gemini的新版本Nano侧重于直接在Pixel手机上处理人工智能任务,而不是在谷歌的服务器上处理请求。

One feature for scam detection involves using A.I. to listen to your phone calls. If the conversation fits the pattern of a scam, such as a fraudster’s asking for your online banking password, an alert is sent to your phone.

一项可以进行诈骗检测的功能包括使用人工智能来监听你的电话。如果对话符合诈骗模式,比如骗子索要网上银行密码,人工智能就会向你的手机发送警报。

Another feature, Circle to Search, lets users circle an image to ask Google for information. This feature has now been expanded to let students circle a math or physics problem for help. Google’s A.I. will then generate a list of steps on how to solve the problem.

另一项功能是“圈选搜索”,用户可以圈出图片,向谷歌询问信息。这个功能现在已经扩展到让学生圈出数学或物理问题以寻求帮助。然后,谷歌的人工智能将生成一系列解题步骤。

Gemini Nano can also take a transcript automatically generated from an audio recording and create written summaries, which could be useful for meetings. Another tool, Magic Compose, can be used inside Google’s Messages app to quickly rewrite a message in a different style.

Gemini Nano还可以从音频记录中自动生成文本,并创建书面摘要,这在会议中会很有用。另一个工具Magic Compose可以在谷歌的消息应用程序中使用,以不同的风格快速改写消息。

Improvements to Texting

短信功能的改进

For more than a decade, smartphone users everywhere have confronted the green-versus-blue bubble divide. When iPhone users send texts to other iPhones, the messages appear blue and can tap into exclusive perks like fun emojis and animations. But if an iPhone user texts an Android user, the bubble turns green, many features break, and photos and videos deteriorate in quality.

十几年来,世界各地的智能手机用户都面临着“绿色泡泡”和“蓝色泡泡”的分歧。当iPhone用户向其他iPhone用户发送短信时,短信显示为蓝色,并可以使用有趣的表情符号和动画等专属功能。但如果iPhone用户给安卓用户发短信,泡泡就会变绿,许多功能会中断,照片和视频的质量也会下降。

Apple is finally taking a step toward bridging that divide. It said that in iOS 18, its messages app would adopt Rich Communication Services, a standard that Google and others integrated into their apps years ago. Texts sent between iPhones and Androids will remain green, but images and videos will be higher quality.

苹果终于终于迈出了弥合鸿沟的一步。该公司表示,在iOS 18中,其信息应用程序将采用富通信服务,这是谷歌和其他公司多年前整合到其应用程序中的标准。iPhone和安卓之间发送的短信将保持绿色,但图像和视频的质量将更高。

The result will probably be profound. Many iPhone and Android users said they felt discouraged sending messages to each other because the image quality was poor. The Justice Department, which this year accused Apple of placing restrictions on its phones to maintain a monopoly, viewed the messaging incompatibility as a pressure tactic to persuade people to buy iPhones.

其结果可能影响深远。许多iPhone和安卓用户表示,由于图像质量差,他们不愿相互发送信息。美国司法部今年曾指控苹果对其手机施加限制,以维持垄断地位,并将短信不兼容视为一种说服人们购买iPhone的施压策略。

Apple also said it was bringing a feature to its iMessage app that might feel long overdue: the ability to schedule a message to send later. That could help iPhone users respect one another’s boundaries by scheduling a message to send when the recipient is off work, for example.

苹果还表示,它将为其iMessage应用程序带来一项可能被认为姗姗来迟的功能:可将信息安排为稍后发送。这可以帮助iPhone用户尊重彼此的界限,比如安排在收件人下班后发送消息。

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