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美国财长耶伦将再次访华,进行高级别会谈

ALAN RAPPEPORT

2024年4月3日

美国财政部长珍妮特·耶伦将第二次访华,在广州和北京参加为期四天的会谈。 Justin Sullivan/Getty Images

Treasury Secretary Janet L. Yellen will make her second trip to China this week for high-level talks aimed at further stabilizing the relationship between the world’s largest economies as political rancor in the United States intensifies ahead of the presidential election.

随着美国国内的政治纷争在大选前愈演愈烈,财政部长珍妮特·耶伦本周将第二次访问中国进行高级别会谈,旨在进一步稳定这两个世界最大经济体之间的关系。

During four days of meetings in Guangzhou and Beijing, Ms. Yellen plans to meet with representatives from American companies, Chinese students and professors, and China’s top economic officials. The trip comes as the Biden administration tries to balance a tougher stance toward China, including restricting access to American technology and retaining tariffs on billions of Chinese exports, while keeping regular lines of communication open and avoiding an economic war.

在广州和北京共为期四天的会谈期间,耶伦计划会见美国企业代表、中国学生和教授,以及中国高级经济官员。此行的背景是拜登政府试图在对华强硬立场(包括限制中国获取美国技术,对数十亿中国出口商品征收关税)与保持正常沟通渠道和避免经济战之间取得平衡。

The Treasury Department announced the trip as President Biden and Xi Jinping, China’s leader, held a call on Tuesday on a variety of issues. In a statement after the call, the White House said Mr. Biden had raised concerns with Mr. Xi about China’s “unfair trade policies and nonmarket economic practices” that harm American workers and explained that the United States would continue to take steps to prevent Chinese access to advanced American technology that could threaten national security.

美国财政部宣布耶伦此行的同时,拜登总统和中国领导人习近平周二就各种问题进行了通话。白宫在通话后发表的声明中表示,拜登向习近平提出了对中国损害美国工人利益的“不公平贸易政策和非市场经济做法”的关切,并表示美国将继续采取措施防止中国获取可能威胁国家安全的美国先进技术。

A senior Treasury Department official who previewed Ms. Yellen’s trip said it was taking place in the spirit of responsibly managing the economic relationship between the countries.

美国财政部的一位高级官员在预告耶伦的行程时说,这是本着负责任地管理两国之间经济关系的精神进行的。

But concerns are growing within the administration over China’s strategy of ramping up exports of green energy technology like solar panels and electric batteries.

但是,政府内部对中国加大太阳能电池板和电动电池等绿色能源技术出口的战略愈发感到担忧。

The official said the two sides were expected to have “frank” conversations about the Biden administration’s concerns about the impact of China’s excess industrial production on global supply chains for solar technology, electric vehicles and lithium-ion batteries. They are also expected to discuss the global economy, efforts to curb drug trafficking and how to work together to fight climate change.

这位官员称,拜登政府担心中国过剩的工业生产会影响太阳能技术、电动汽车和锂离子电池的全球供应链,预计双方将就这一问题进行“坦率”的对话。预计双方还将讨论全球经济、遏制毒品贩运的努力,以及如何共同应对气候变化等问题。

In China, Ms. Yellen will meet with Wang Weizhong, the governor of Guangdong Province; Vice Premier He Lifeng; former Vice Premier Liu He; and Pan Gongsheng, the governor of the People’s Bank of China.

在中国,耶伦将会见广东省省长王伟中、国务院副总理何立峰、前国务院副总理刘鹤和中国人民银行行长潘功胜。

Ms. Yellen visited China for the first time as Treasury secretary last July. As an economist who has argued against the merits of tariffs, she was received well by Chinese officials who consider her a voice of reason within the Biden administration.

去年7月,耶伦作为财政部长首次访华。作为一名反对加征关税的经济学家,她受到了中国官员的欢迎,他们认为她是拜登政府内部的一个理性的声音。

Engagement with China is particularly challenging during U.S. election years, when Democrats and Republicans typically ratchet up anti-China sentiment. This year has been no different, with former President Donald J. Trump proposing additional and even higher tariffs on Chinese imports and Republicans urging more restrictions on Chinese investment in the United States.

在美国大选年,民主党和共和党的反华情绪通常会加剧,与中国的接触尤其具有挑战性。今年也不例外,前总统特朗普提议扩大并进一步提高对中国进口产品的关税,共和党人则敦促对中国在美投资实施更多限制。

At the same time, the Biden administration has been considering tariffs on Chinese imports of green energy technology and watching with concern as Chinese companies increase investments in Mexico to gain greater access to the American consumer market.

与此同时,拜登政府一直在考虑对中国进口的绿色能源技术征收关税,并且,对于中国企业为了更好地进入美国消费市场而增加在墨西哥的投资,拜登政府也一直带着担忧予以关注。

The White House has also been scrutinizing the Chinese-owned social media platform TikTok and recently imposed sanctions on Chinese hacking groups. And the Treasury Department is developing a program that would restrict outbound investments in certain Chinese sectors that the Biden administration believes could threaten American national security.

白宫还一直在仔细审视由中国所有的社交媒体平台TikTok,并于最近对中国黑客组织实施了制裁。美国财政部正在制定一项计划,对于拜登政府认为可能威胁美国国家安全、针对中国某些行业的对外投资予以限制。

Ms. Yellen’s trip to China last year yielded little in the way of major breakthroughs. But it led to a formal structure to ensure ongoing communication. Treasury officials said regular meetings between new economic and financial working groups would provide a format for both countries to communicate their policy concerns and help prevent relations from breaking down.

耶伦去年的中国之行几乎没有取得什么重大突破。但双方藉此建立了一个持续沟通的正式构架。财政部官员表示,新的经济和金融工作组之间的定期会议,将让两国可以就双方关切的政策进行沟通,并有助于防止关系破裂。

Mark Sobel, a former Treasury Department official, noted that the United States and China accounted for about 40 percent of global gross domestic product, making the relationship critical for the world economy. He suggested that beyond the macroeconomic issues, the two sides would discuss U.S. sanctions policy and the problem of low-income countries that owe debt to China.

前财政部官员马克·索贝尔指出,美国和中国的国内生产总值约占全球的40%,这使得两国关系对世界经济至关重要。他建议,除了宏观经济问题外,双方还应讨论美国的制裁政策以及欠中国债务的低收入国家问题。

Even if there are no major breakthroughs, Mr. Sobel said, the dialogue will be important.

索贝尔表示,即使没有重大突破,对话也很重要。

“Even if the two sides disagree, and there is much that can go wrong in U.S.-China relations these days, the talks will help limit misunderstandings and provide the other side with context,” he said.

他说,“即使双方意见不一致,而且目前中美关系可能出现很多问题,但会谈将有助于减少误解,并让彼此了解更多的背景。”


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